Once Upon A Time – August 15 – 1635 – 1st Recorded North American Hurricane Hits The Plymouth Colony

1461 Empire of Trebizond surrenders to forces of Sultan Mehmet II – last Byzantine Empire remnant to fall. Emperor David exiled and later murdered.

1620 Mayflower sets sail from Southampton, England, with 102 Pilgrims

1900 The Boxer Rebellion: In China, the Empress, her family and court retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to quell the rebellion

1947 India gains independence from Great Britain, remains a dominion until 1950

1998 Omagh Bombing in Northern Ireland, the worst terrorist incident of The Troubles, kills 29 people and injures about 220

2021 Afghan President Ashraf Ghani flees the country as Taliban forces enter the capital Kabul and take control

HISTORICAL EVENTS TODAY

TODAY IN FILM & TV

1918 Longest work of animation then produced – “The Sinking of Lusitania” by Winsor McCay

1939 “The Wizard of Oz”, American musical fantasy film adaptation of L. Frank Baum’s book, premieres at Grauman’s Chinese Theatre, Hollywood; directed by Victor Fleming and King Vidor with cast featuring Judy Garland (Dorothy), Ray Bolger (Scarecrow), Jack Haley (Tin Man), Bert Lahr (Cowardly Lion), Frank Morgan (Wizard), Billie Burke (Glinda), and Margaret Hamilton (Wicked Witch); songs by Harold Arlen and Yip Harburg

TODAY IN MUSIC

1969 Woodstock Festival opens in Bethel, New York on Max Yasgur’s Dairy Farm; performers include Richie Havens, Tim Hardin, Ravi Shankar, Melanie, Arlo Guthrie, and Joan Baez

TODAY IN SPORT

1903 New Zealand’s All Blacks play their first Rugby Test Match against Australia’s Wallabies at the Sydney Cricket Ground; New Zealand win 22-3

MORE FACTS…

1635 1st recorded north American hurricane hits the Plymouth Colony

2015 North Korea creates its own time zone -moving its clocks back half an hour to GMT+8.5

FAMOUS WEDDINGS

1515 King Christian II of Denmark marriage ratified to Isabella of Austria, granddaughter to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I at Copenhagen Castle (married by proxy 1514)

1958 American rock singer-songwriter Buddy Holly (21) weds receptionist Maria Santiago

1985 Anti-apartheid lawyer Bulelani Ngcuka marries in South Africa

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