Once Upon A Time – August 22 – 1849 – The First Air Raid In History; Austria Launches Pilotless Balloons Against Italian City Of Venice

1485 Battle of Bosworth Field: Henry Tudor’s forces defeat English King Richard III during last battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard is killed, the last English monarch to die in battle.

1639 Madras (now Chennai), India, founded by the British East India Company on sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers

1642 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament

1864 First Geneva Convention adopted in Geneva “for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field” signed by 12 nations

1945 Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

HISTORICAL EVENTS TODAY

TODAY IN FILM & TV

1932 BBC begins experimental regular TV broadcasts

TODAY IN MUSIC

1987 Madonna’s “Who’s That Girl” single goes #1

TODAY IN SPORT

1851 100 Guineas Cup is raced around Isle of Wight; US schooner ‘America’ beats British cutter ‘Aurora’ by 24 minutes; first competition for the America’s Cup yachting trophy

MORE FACTS…

1849 The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice

565 St Columba reports seeing monster in Loch Ness

FAMOUS WEDDINGS

1848 Soldier and later US President Ulysses S. Grant (26) marries Julia Dent

1900 Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory

1925 Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson (28) weds teacher Maryon Elspeth Moody (23)

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