1571 Battle of Lepanto: The Holy Alliance of Southern European nations founded by Pope Pius V destroys an Ottoman fleet in a significant loss off the western coast of Greece.
1737 A tornado causes 40-foot waves estimated to kill 300,000 people in Calcutta, India.
1763 George III of Great Britain issues the Proclamation of 1763, closing the North American lands north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlement.
1919 Founding of KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines (oldest airline in existence)
2001: The US invasion of Afghanistan begins with an air assault and covert ground operations.