Beautiful Nigeria: Mandara Mountains, Adamawa State

The Mandara Mountains are a volcanic range extending about 190 km along the northern part of the Cameroon-Nigeria border.

Mandara Mountains is the most popular mountain in Adamawa and one of the post popular attraction in the state.

Mandara Mountains which lie in the northeastern part of the state along the Cameroon border is an ideal place for hiking, rock and mountain climbing.

Hiking in the remarkably beautiful landscapes of the Mandara Mountains is one of the most popular activities for exploring tourists.  

The spectacular rock formations and lush valleys and hills are interspersed with traditional villages with round huts, where visitors can experience authentic local culture.

The Mofu ethnic group dominates the region and the hillside villages subsist mainly through terrace farming, with sorghum the principal crop.

The Mandara Mountains were formed millions of years ago when a continental plate of basement rock deep beneath the African continent rose up, fragmenting and splitting as it was pushed to the surface.

The climate was significantly wetter in those times, so enormous amounts of precipitation formed numerous rivers that rushed through these fractures, carving them deeper and wider, resulting in the range’s notably rugged terrain.

Volcanic activity also played a role in the formation of the range. Eruptions of lava formed volcanic cones whose vents were eventually plugged with hardening magma.

These hardened cores are called volcanic plugs. In the case of the Mandara Mountains, the plugs were much more erosion-resistant than the exterior of the cones, which wore away over time.

Eventually, only the plugs remained, forming the stark, needle-like spires such as Kapsiki Peak that the range is known for.

The highest elevation is the summit of Mount Oupay, at 1,494 m (4,900 ft) above sea level (10°53′N 13°47′ECoordinates: 10°53′N 13°47′E).

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