Once Upon A Time – Sept. 3 – 301 – San Marino, World’s Oldest Republic Still In Existence, Founded By Saint Marinus

301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus

1650 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell’s English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack

1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America

1791 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly

1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa

1939 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada

1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp

1988 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War

HISTORICAL EVENTS TODAY

TODAY IN FILM & TV

1951 TV soap opera “Search for Tomorrow” debuts on CBS

TODAY IN MUSIC

1912 Arnold Schoenberg’s “Funf Orchesterstucke” (Five Pieces for Orchestra) premieres in London at a Promenade Concert

TODAY IN SPORT

1950 Giuseppe “Nino” Farina wins inaugural Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by taking out the Italian Grand Prix at Monza in an Alfa Romeo; wins by 3 points from Juan Manuel Fangio

MORE FACTS…

1777 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch’s Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War

1752 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

FAMOUS WEDDINGS

1921 American author and journalist Ernest Hemingway (22) marries 1st wife Hadley Richardson (29)

1923 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)

1937 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

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